As an owner-builder, you will take on the legal responsibilities and compliance requirements that are associated with a registered building practitioner. Therefore, before you become an owner-builder, it is important that you are aware of the standard, quality of work, and obligations attributed to your role.
1. Who is an owner-builder?
Now as an owner-builder, you have to own or co-own the land with the intention to live in that beautiful new space. This means that any works carried out on your property should really only be for your personal enjoyment in your own home not for investment purposes.
As it’s simply for your leisure, you will have more involvement in the construction, alterations or repairs conducted and be in complete control of the renovations in your home to have it exactly the way you want it to be, within the legal requirements of course!
Before you register as an owner-builder, you should prepare documents that prove that you are the home-owner such as Certificate of Title/Register Search Statement. The easiest way is to obtain one through your solicitors!
2. Certificate of consent
But wait! Before you start actual construction, there are a number of permits you need to obtain. You’ll need to apply for a certificate of consent from the Building Practitioners’ Board if your proposed building works valuation exceeds $16,000. This valuation of your building works should include all labour, materials, and GST.
This permit is not necessary if you are already a domestic builder.
To apply for a certificate of consent, you will need to provide:
- Statutory declaration
- Pay the fee
- Copy of current driver’s licence of passport
- Copy of Certificate of Title or Register Search Statement
- Copy of Plan of subdivision
See us at Boutique Lawyers to get a practical breakdown of the steps required and further advice in regards to your building matter.
3. Building surveyor and building permit
You must also obtain a building permit in order to start works on your property. It is wise that you first make plans to consult a building surveyor.
What a surveyor does is help you determine a correct description of your works and their costs when applying for a Certificate of Consent. A certificate of consent is NOT a guarantee that you will be issued a building permit. The surveyor will check relevant plans and specifications to ensure that the building work complies with the requirements of the Building Act and the Building Regulations.
You may appoint a building surveyor by engaging an agent to nominate one on your behalf, apply for your own private building surveyor or simply engage the one from your local council. Only one builder surveyor may be appointed over a building project. If you decided to use a private independent surveyor, he/she will take over from the municipal building surveyor once a building permit is successfully issued.
In some cases, the appointment of a private building surveyor may be terminated with consent from the Victorian Building Authority.
After a building permit is issued, building works may finally begin!
4. Sub-contracting your building works
Being an owner-builder does not necessarily mean that you have to carry out all building works yourself. In most cases, unless you are a skilled tradesperson or carrying out very minor works, you will not have the skills and expertise to carry out the actual construction of your home or renovation, swimming pool, etc. You may engage a building practitioner to take over building on your property and he/she will be responsible for that part of the building works under the contract.
For building works over $5,000 you should ensure that the person(s) you engage are a Registered Building Practitioner AND that they provide you with a major domestic building contract. The written contract is necessary to set out the scope of the builder’s work so that both parties know what to expect and minimise future disputes.
For building works over $16,000 the Registered Building Practitioner you engage must enter into a contract with you AND take out domestic building insurance.
Be aware that an unregistered building practitioner will not be able to take out domestic building insurance and you will not be able to obtain insurance cover. It is important that you obtain the right details of your proposed building practitioner so you may conduct a search on the Victorian Building Authority website.
Notwithstanding contracted works, as an owner-builder, you are still liable for your legal responsibilities under the Building Regulations. Make sure you are aware of these and able to oversee building works.
5. Domestic-building insurance
If you have seen the terms Domestic building insurance, builder’s warranty insurance, and home warranty insurance, don’t worry! They are all one and the same merely with different names.
The insurance is a cover over the builder’s work on your property benefitting you. Currently, the cover of up to $300,000 for structural defects up to six years and non-structural defects up to two years is provided.
If you have sub-contracted a builder, ensure that the builder provides you with a certificate of insurance as proof that domestic building insurance has been issued for your named property.
Be aware that an insurance claim may be made only in the circumstances where the builder has died, is insolvent, or has disappeared.
The insurance extends to a subsequent purchaser of your property if you sell on your house within six and a half years of the completion of building work ( the date of the occupancy permit or certificate of completion).
6. Occupancy Permit
The last thing you need before you lay your sheets for a first night’s rest at your newly constructed home, renovation, etc, is a final assurance that it passes health and safety requirements.
In most cases, a building permit will contain a condition that an occupancy permit has to be issued before a building may be occupied. These are issued by the building surveyor when your building is considered suitable for use and occupation. It is an offense to move into your home prior to this consent and you could be charged or fined.
Not to rush every little detail – An occupancy permit may be issued notwithstanding incomplete minor works such as paint jobs or incomplete fittings.
7. Advantages of being an owner-builder
With all these numerous hoops and hoops to jump through, you may wonder why anyone would take on the responsibility of becoming an owner-builder.
The fact remains that home-owner building has become increasingly popular because of the amount of saying that one has over the design and aesthetic of one’s own dwelling. Being in charge of your own building works also gives you control over budgeting and makes your project cost-efficient according to your preferred materials and standards. Combining the two allows for your own time management according to the rate at which you find your home inspiration.
Feel free to contact Boutique Lawyers on 1300 556 140 for a free 30 min initial consultation if you wish to have a discussion about your plans to build.